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美观耐用兼备 板式家具选购关键看材料

来源:网友投稿 时间:2014-11-24 浏览量: 我要投稿>>
发现好货FIND GOODS

板式家具指的是以人造板为主要基材,以板件为家具基本结构,可进行拆装的一种组合式家具。常见的人人造板材有很多,比如胶合板、刨花板、细木工板以及中纤板等等。随着家具行业的不断壮大,实木家具价格成本高,或许在未来会被替代,然而随着人们对家具产品的不断要求,根据相关行业调查显示,板式家具在未来或许会成为市场主流趋势。不管怎么样,现在我们首先要知道怎么去选购板式家具,关键看哪些呢材料呢?

banshijiaju

板式家具美观度,看三聚氰胺、实木皮、猫眼纸饰面

 三聚氰胺饰面、实木皮饰面、猫眼纸饰面等。三聚氰胺饰面:将装饰纸表面印刷花纹后,放入三聚氰胺胶浸渍,制作成三聚氰胺饰面纸,再经高温热压在板材家具的基材上。这种材料的效果真实感强,耐磨、耐划,防水性较好。实木皮饰面:将实木皮经高温热压机贴于中纤板/刨花板/多层实木等板上,成为实木贴皮饰面板。这种饰面手感真实、自然,纹理与实木相近,花纹较多,而且没有色差。猫眼纸饰面:猫眼纸是一种比较薄的装饰纸(又名波音软片),材质多为PVC,采用白乳胶贴于家具表面后用油漆封闭。因易于造型,主要用于中密度纤维板的表面饰面。这种材料的可塑性较高,但耐磨度较差。



banshijiaju

板式家具饰面,选购重点有哪些?

 多了解一些板式家具的相关信息,对于选择板式家具有着关键性的作用。板式家具的特点是在板材的表面覆盖一层饰面,赋予家具更多的风格和色彩。在挑选板式家具的时候,美观度与饰面材料的质量和效果有关。上好的饰面材料比较耐磨耐划而不褪色,差的饰面一是耐磨性不够,二是在使用三至六个月以后逐渐褪色,产生黄变效应。挑选时候,看饰面板表面的色泽是否均匀,材料和纹理是否细致,如果出现污点、毛刺沟痕等,证明饰面材料不过关。



banshijiaju

板式家具耐用度,关键看板材

 第一,禾香板是一种新型生态、环保的人造板材,它以农作物秸秆作为主要材料,以完全不含甲醛的聚氨酯生态胶为粘合剂采用国家级高级专利技术研制而成。在环保性上表现十分突出,这种板材坚固而且防潮性好、阻燃、具吸音隔音功能。第二胶合板:胶合板由木段旋切成单板或由木方刨切成薄木,再用胶粘剂胶合而成的三层或多层的板状材料。胶合板因为面积大,所以包容和覆盖力很强,可弯曲变形,可塑性较高。第三细木工板:细木工板又称为大芯板,由两篇单板中间胶压拼接模板而成的。这种板材的握钉力较好,让家具更加稳固,而且对加工的设备要求不高,容易操作,不少现场施工的木制板式家具都使用这种板材。第四刨花板:刨花板是由木材或其他木质纤维素材料制成的碎料,施加胶粘剂后在热力和压力作用下胶合成的人造板。这种材料具有良好的吸音和隔音功效,因其内部的颗粒状结构,让板材的横向承重力表现出色。第五中纤板:是密度板的一种,以木质纤维或者其他植物纤维为原料,经过打碎、纤维分离和干燥后施加脲醛树脂或其他适用的胶粘剂,再经热压后制成的一种人造板材。这种给板材是原木磨成纤维,改变了木材结构,所以吸湿、吸水和膨胀率较高。



banshijiaju

板式家具板材,选购重点解析

 板式家具耐用度主要是看主体板材,好的板材甲醛含量低,环保系数达到E0的板材环保性较高,一般达到E1级的可用于室内。挑选板式家具的时候,不要选择具有刺激性气味的材料,因为板材气味越大,证明甲醛释放量越高,污染越严重。挑选的时候要选择板材表面无裂缝、裂纹、无节子、夹皮的材料。除了板式家具的饰面以及板材选购重点之外,挑选板式家具也是需要注重一些小细节的,虽然小细节不起眼,但是还是会或多或少影响到板式家具的使用。接下来,我们继续往下看看板式家具的选购细节吧。



banshijiaju

选购板式家具,细节勿忽视

 第一贴面,要辨别板式家具贴面是纸贴面还是木贴面是比较难的,最简便的方法是观察花纹,木贴面有自然的节疤、色差及纹路变化。此外贴面效果还可以通过检查贴面是否有起泡、裂痕、污点等方面来判定。第二封边,板式家具因为是由板材和贴面组合而成的,其中粘贴拼合的部分比较多,所以家具封边很重要,挑选时候注意封边有没有不平整、翘起等现象。第三牢固度,板材拼接难免会出现空隙、裂缝等,这些小细节将影响家具的牢固度。家具的缝、抽屉缝的间隙过大,说明做工粗糙,使用一段时间可能会变形。第四油漆,板式家具表面会涂上一层油漆,比如单包箱内部会涂上一层木器漆,挑选时候查看涂料是否有条痕,边角位置的涂料有无涂得过厚。第五合页槽,从合页槽和打眼处可以看出板式家具用材是中密度还是刨花板,一个最好的方法是认真观察合页槽和打眼处,裸露了内部构造的地方,就可以看出是用了刨花板还是中密度板。第六,五金件,除了板材以外,物件配件也是家具的重要组成部分,它影响着家具使用的舒适度,挑选时候可以观察五金配件表面是否有光泽、光滑,如果购买前已出现生锈或者掉漆等情况最好别选。



       文章来源:家居百科

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