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土培绿萝的养殖方法详解!

来源:网友投稿 时间:2016-07-25 浏览量: 我要投稿>>

 绿萝遇水即活,因顽强的生命力,被称为“生命之花”。蔓延下来的绿色枝叶,非常容易满足,就连喝水也觉得自己是幸福的。绿萝的花语是“守望幸福”,大家可以在家中摆上一两盆绿萝,色彩明快、极富生机,既可以装点居室,又能够净化空气,给生活平添幸福的情趣。今天就为大家简单地介绍下土培绿萝的养殖方法。

绿萝01(2)
土培绿萝的养殖方法
盆土要求:
       盆栽绿萝应选用肥沃、疏松、排水性好的腐叶土,以偏酸性为好。绿萝比较耐阴,在室内向阳处即可四季摆放,在光线较暗的室内,应每半月移至光线强的环境中恢复一段时间,否则易使节间增长,叶片变小,影响观赏性。

温度条件:
       在北方,室温10℃以上,绿萝可以安全过冬,室温在20℃以上,绿萝可以正常生长。一般家庭达到这个温度问题不大,但是需要注意的是要避免温差过大,同时也要注意叶子不要靠近供暖设备,以免导致出现萎蔫甚至死亡。

绿萝02(2)
光照条件:
       在北方的秋冬季,为补充温度及光合作用的不足,应增大绿萝的光照度。将它摆放到室内光照最好的地方,或在正午时搬到密封的阳台上晒太阳。同时,温度低的时候要尽量少开窗,因为极短的时间内,叶片就可能被冻伤。

施肥方法:
       秋冬季节,绿萝生长缓慢甚至停止生长,应减少施肥。入冬前以浇喷液态无机肥为主,通常15天左右一次。入冬后,施肥以叶面喷施为主,通过叶面上的气孔喷施为主,通过叶面上的气孔吸收肥料,肥效可直接作用于叶面。

绿萝03(2)
浇水方法:
       每天浇水以保持泥土的潮湿,但不可积水滋生蚊虫。秋冬季的浇水量应根据室温严格控制。供暖之前,温度较低,植株的土壤蒸发较慢,要减少浇水,水量应控制在原来的1/4-1/2之间。冬季浇的水晾晒过一天后再浇为好。

整形修剪:
       每盆栽植或直接扦插4—5株,盆中间设立棕柱,便于绿萝缠绕向上生长。整形修剪在春季进行。当茎蔓爬满棕柱、梢端超出棕柱20cm左右时,剪去其中2—3株的茎梢40cm。待短截后萌发出新芽新叶时,再剪去其余株的茎梢。

       由于冬季受冻或其他原因造成全株或下半部脱叶的盆株,可将植株的一半茎蔓短截1/2,另一半茎蔓短截2/3或3/4,使剪口高低错开,这样剪口下长出米的新叶能裉快布满棕柱。在修剪整形的过程中,需要注意应适量进行梳枝。

 

更多精彩推荐

◎ 松果菊的栽培技术 

◎ 仙客来的养殖方法 

◎ 虎皮兰的栽培技术  

◎ 鱼尾葵的繁殖方式  

◎ 发财树的养殖方法 

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