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兰草的养殖方法详解!

兰草也叫兰草花、兰花,是多年神草本植物,品种及花色繁多,地生或附生,一般具有椭圆形、球形或梭形鳞茎,叶多枚,长在假鳞茎的基部或下部,叶形有椭圆形、倒披针形或带状。兰草花形奇特,具有丰富的形态,花色有纯白、紫色、红色、黄绿、浅黄等。今天就带大家一起去了解下兰草的养殖方法。
发现好货FIND GOODS

 中国自古以来对兰草就有看叶胜看花之说。它的花素而不艳,亭亭玉立。备受中国人民的喜爱,与竹、菊、梅合称“四君子”。通常以“兰章”喻诗文之美,以“兰交”喻友谊之真。也有借兰来表达纯洁的爱情,例如“气如兰兮长不改,心若兰兮终不移”、“寻得幽兰报知己,一枝聊赠梦潇湘”。今天就为大家简单地介绍下兰草的养殖方法。

兰草01
兰草的养殖方法
土壤要求:
       宜选用偏酸性的腐殖土,可用泥炭土、腐叶土、黑山泥、田园土、树皮块、珍珠岩、蛭石等配制成有利于植株呼吸、方便排水的土。通常可用腐叶土和培养土按8:2的比例搅拌配成,也可用草炭土、堆肥土、河沙按照6:3:1的比例混合。

光照条件:
       兰草喜荫蔽通风的环境,不可接受阳光直射,除冬季以外,均需遮荫。以散光照射养殖,以免长期在阴凉处导致植株变弱甚至出现病虫害。另外,同的兰花品种接受的光照程度有所差异,墨兰最耐阴,其次是建兰,蕙兰和春兰再次之。

温度条件:
       兰草最佳的生长温度一般在16—24℃,冬季温度宜为10℃左右,白天和夜晚的温度分别为10—12℃和5—10℃,在北方温度低于5℃时,应该移至室内进行养殖。夏季生长温度应控制在30℃以下,否则就需要采取遮阴、降温、加湿措施。

兰草02
浇水方法:
       兰草的湿度宜保持在75%—90%,并根据不同的种类和环境调节。春秋季一般2—3天浇一次水,夏季生长期可1—2天浇一次水,冬季浇水减少,大概一个星期浇一次水,在该季节开花的墨兰可适当增加水。浇水时避免水溅到叶子上,水质以雨水、雪水为佳。

施肥方法:
       兰草喜淡肥,一般是向兰草的叶面施肥,也可用薄肥施到根部。幼苗期先施氮肥,苗长到5—6cm可施磷、钾肥,大苗一个星期施一次氮肥。植株生长期间可15—20天施15%的腐熟稀饼肥,开花前到开花期间将0.2%的酸二氢钾或草木灰水喷2—3次到叶面上。

兰草03
兰草的养殖注意事项

       兰草在养殖过程中,容易受到介壳虫、粉虱、蚂蚁等虫害的侵袭,对于介壳虫和粉虱,可用敌敌畏乳油1000倍液和氰菊配2000倍液消灭。对于蚂蚁,可通过肉骨头引诱集中消灭。在病害上,兰草易患黑斑病菌、炭疽病菌、白绢病等,应及时清除病叶并烧毁,改善通风和光照,控制好湿度,并配合相关的农药防治。

 

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